A reduction in production of prostacyclin (PGI2) by the cells in the vascular wall may play a role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis in diabetic patients. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of glucose on PGI2 production by endothelial cells in vitro. It was shown that PGI2 production by cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells was significantly reduced in the presence of a high concentration of glucose (300 mg/dl) compared with physiological concentrations of glucose (100 mg/dl). In contrast, no reduction in PGI2 production was observed in cells cultured with equimolar mannitol, suggesting that glucose itself, rather than the effect of osmolality, inhibited PGI2 production by cultured endothelial cells. In addition, a high concentration of glucose also inhibited the proliferation of cultured endothelial cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes