The jack mackerel Trachurus japonicus is a key commercially exploited fish species in Japan. The rearing experiment often provides information that is useful for understanding the reproductive characteristics of wild stocks; however, there has been no study on spawning in captive T. japonicus. In the study reported here, we induced spawning in T. japonicus caught in the wild by hook and line. Females with fully vitellogenic oocytes and males during spermiation were selected by gonadal biopsy and injected with gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog (GnRHa) mixed in molten coconut butter. This treatment was performed four times in different groups of four females and five to eight males, and each group was maintained in a 3-m3 concrete tank. We observed the first spawning at 1 or 2 days post-injection and collected between 41,690 and 149,450 eggs. Spawning was recorded on 18 consecutive days in one experiment and for 3 days continuously in the other experiments. In the former, spawning ended when the water temperature reached 23 °C and occurred mainly between 2100 and 2400 hours. These results indicate that GnRHa-induced spawning may be useful for evaluating the reproductive characteristics of T. japonicus and obtaining fertilized eggs to conduct larval experiments.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Aquatic Science