GPR40 activation initiates store-operated Ca2+ entry and potentiates insulin secretion via the IP3R1/STIM1/Orai1 pathway in pancreatic β-cells

Ryota Usui, Daisuke Yabe, Muhammad Fauzi, Hisanori Goto, Ainur Botagarova, Shinsuke Tokumoto, Hisato Tatsuoka, Yumiko Tahara, Shizuka Kobayashi, Toshiya Manabe, Yoshihiro Baba, Tomohiro Kurosaki, Pedro Luis Herrera, Masahito Ogura, Kazuaki Nagashima, Nobuya Inagaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The long-chain fatty acid receptor GPR40 plays an important role in potentiation of glucose-induced insulin secretion (GIIS) from pancreatic β-cells. Previous studies demonstrated that GPR40 activation enhances Ca2+ release from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) by activating inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP3) receptors. However, it remains unknown how ER Ca2+ release via the IP3 receptor is linked to GIIS potentiation. Recently, stromal interaction molecule (STIM) 1 was identified as a key regulator of store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE), but little is known about its contribution in GPR40 signaling. We show that GPR40-mediated potentiation of GIIS is abolished by knockdown of IP3 receptor 1 (IP3R1), STIM1 or Ca2+-channel Orai1 in insulin-secreting MIN6 cells. STIM1 and Orai1 knockdown significantly impaired SOCE and the increase of intracellular Ca2+ by the GPR40 agonist, fasiglifam. Furthermore, β-cell-specific STIM1 knockout mice showed impaired fasiglifam-mediated GIIS potentiation not only in isolated islets but also in vivo. These results indicate that the IP3R1/STIM1/Orai1 pathway plays an important role in GPR40-mediated SOCE initiation and GIIS potentiation in pancreatic β-cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15562
JournalScientific reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2019

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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