A procedure for determining three-dimensional grain boundary geometry and its change under external loading is proposed for evaluating crystallographic deformation behaviours in polycrystalline materials, and the feasibility of this approach is confirmed for an aluminium alloy. X-ray microtomography has been combined with gallium-enhanced microscopy, in which grains are visualized in three dimensions by decorating grain boundaries with liquid gallium. Grain boundary particles are then extracted by comparing tomographic images with and without the gallium application. Three-dimensional reconstruction of grains is achieved using a connection scheme based on triplets of non-aligned points on grain boundaries. The deformation of the closed polygonal grains is visualized by combining the above technique with a microstructural tracking technique, in which the paths of particles are reconstructed by matching each pair of particles in consecutive images. This process also enables high-density four-dimensional strain mapping by tracking particles located in grains, providing direct interpretation of localized deformation caused by interaction between neighbouring grains.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Polymers and Plastics
- Metals and Alloys