Grain refinement of commercial Al-Mg alloy using severe torsion straining process

Koji Neishi, Akihiko Higashino, Yuichi Miyahara, Katsuaki Nakamura, Kenji Kaneko, Michihiko Nakagaki, Zenji Horita

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Severe plastic deformation (SPD) makes it possible to refine grain size in many metallic materials. Recently, we have developed a new SPD process designated the severe torsion straining process (STSP). This process requires no die but one side of a rod is rotated with respect to the other while producing a local heated zone in the rod and cooling both sides of the heated zone. Torsion strain is then introduced in the local heated zone. The STSP can be a continuous process because the rod is moved in the longitudinal direction while introducing torsion strain through the rotation. For grain refinement using the STSP, various factors may affect, which are the rotation speed, moving speed, straining temperature, cooling rate and diameter of the rod. In this study, the STSP is applied to grain refinement of an A5056 Al-Mg commercial alloy and the factors affecting the grain refinement are optimized. STSP was conducted at a temperature in the range from 573K to 723K. Microstracture was observed by optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy with an orientation imaging system, and transmission electron microscopy. Microscopy observations revealed that the grain size was reduced to ∼0.9 um, when STSP was conducted at 573K with a rotation speed of 10 rpm and moving speed of 50 mm/min. There is a critical ratio of rotation speed to moving speed above which the rod breaks. The grain size tends to be finer as the straining temperature is lower, the cooling rate is faster and the ratio of rotation speed to moving speed is closer to the critical value.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation, NanoSPD3 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation
Pages955-960
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2006
Event3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation, NanoSPD3 - Fukuoka, Japan
Duration: Sep 22 2005Sep 26 2005

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume503-504
ISSN (Print)0255-5476

Other

Other3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation, NanoSPD3
CountryJapan
CityFukuoka
Period9/22/059/26/05

Fingerprint

Grain refinement
Torsional stress
torsion
rods
grain size
Cooling
cooling
plastic deformation
Plastic deformation
microscopy
Imaging systems
Temperature
Optical microscopy
Microscopic examination
Transmission electron microscopy
transmission electron microscopy
Scanning electron microscopy
scanning electron microscopy
temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Neishi, K., Higashino, A., Miyahara, Y., Nakamura, K., Kaneko, K., Nakagaki, M., & Horita, Z. (2006). Grain refinement of commercial Al-Mg alloy using severe torsion straining process. In Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation, NanoSPD3 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation (pp. 955-960). (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 503-504).

Grain refinement of commercial Al-Mg alloy using severe torsion straining process. / Neishi, Koji; Higashino, Akihiko; Miyahara, Yuichi; Nakamura, Katsuaki; Kaneko, Kenji; Nakagaki, Michihiko; Horita, Zenji.

Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation, NanoSPD3 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation. 2006. p. 955-960 (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 503-504).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Neishi, K, Higashino, A, Miyahara, Y, Nakamura, K, Kaneko, K, Nakagaki, M & Horita, Z 2006, Grain refinement of commercial Al-Mg alloy using severe torsion straining process. in Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation, NanoSPD3 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation. Materials Science Forum, vol. 503-504, pp. 955-960, 3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation, NanoSPD3, Fukuoka, Japan, 9/22/05.
Neishi K, Higashino A, Miyahara Y, Nakamura K, Kaneko K, Nakagaki M et al. Grain refinement of commercial Al-Mg alloy using severe torsion straining process. In Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation, NanoSPD3 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation. 2006. p. 955-960. (Materials Science Forum).
Neishi, Koji ; Higashino, Akihiko ; Miyahara, Yuichi ; Nakamura, Katsuaki ; Kaneko, Kenji ; Nakagaki, Michihiko ; Horita, Zenji. / Grain refinement of commercial Al-Mg alloy using severe torsion straining process. Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation, NanoSPD3 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastics Deformation. 2006. pp. 955-960 (Materials Science Forum).
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