Growth inhibition of re-challenge B16 melanoma transplant by conjugates of melanogenesis substrate and magnetite nanoparticles as the basis for developing melanoma-targeted chemo-thermo-immunotherapy

Kowichi Jimbow, Tomoaki Takada, Toshiharu Yamashita, Makito Sato, Akiko Sato, Ichiro Ono, Yasuaki Tamura, Noriyuki Sato, Atsushi Miyamoto, Akira Ito, Hiroyuki Honda, Kazumasa Wakamatsu, Shosuke Ito

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16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Melanogenesis substrate, N-propionyl-cysteaminylphenol (NPrCAP), is selectively incorporated into melanoma cells and inhibits their growth by producing cytotoxic free radicals. Magnetite nanoparticles also disintegrate cancer cells and generate heat shock protein (HSP) upon exposure to an alternating magnetic field (AMF). This study tested if a chemo-thermo- immunotherapy (CTI therapy) strategy can be developed for better management of melanoma by conjugating NPrCAP on the surface of magnetite nanoparticles (NPrCAP/M). We examined the feasibility of this approach in B16 mouse melanoma and evaluated the impact of exposure temperature, frequency, and interval on the inhibition of re-challenged melanoma growth. The therapeutic protocol against the primary transplanted tumor with or without AMF exposure once a day every other day for a total of three treatments not only inhibited the growth of the primary transplant but also prevented the growth of the secondary, re-challenge transplant. The heat-generated therapeutic effect was more significant at a temperature of 43 °C than either 41 °C or 46 °C. NPrCAP/M with AMF exposure, instead of control magnetite alone or without AMF exposure, resulted in the most significant growth inhibition of the re-challenge tumor and increased the life span of the mice. HSP70 production was greatest at 43 °C compared to that with 41 °C or 46 °C. CD 8+T cells were infiltrated at the site of the re-challenge melanoma transplant.

Original languageEnglish
Article number457936
JournalJournal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 9 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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