Plant growth inhibitory alkaloids were isolated from the extract of mesquite [Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC.] leaves. Their chemical structures were established by ESI-MS, 1H and 13C NMR spectra analysis. The I50 value (concentration required for 50% inhibition of control) for root growth of cress (Lepidium sativum L.) seedlings was 400 μM for 3″″-oxo-juliprosopine, 500 μM for secojuliprosopinal, and 100 μM for a (1:1) mixture of 3-oxo-juliprosine and 3′-oxo-juliprosine, respectively. On the other hand, the minimum concentration exhibiting inhibitory effect on shoot growth of cress seedlings was 10 μM for 3″″-oxo-juliprosopine, 100 μM for secojuliprosopinal, and 1 μM for a (1:1) mixture of 3-oxo-juliprosine and 3′-oxo-juliprosine, respectively. Among these compounds, a (1:1) mixture of 3-oxo-juliprosine and 3′-oxo-juliprosine exhibited the strongest inhibitory effect on the growth of cress seedlings.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Plant Science