Aluminum nitride (AlN) thin films were prepared on sapphire (0001) in ambient nitrogen by pulsed laser deposition using a sintered A1N target, and the film structure was evaluated by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. The central area of the film was partially studded with cubic AlN (β-AlN) crystallites with obvious facets. This area was located on the normal of the irradiation spot on the target, and it corresponded to the region on the film where the highly energetic and dense species were deposited. A nonequilibrium condition and large supply of nitrogen are both important factors for the growth of metastable β-AIN.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)