Growth, photosynthesis, and Na+, K+, and Ca 2+ distributions were investigated in 2-year-old hydroponically cultured Populus alba L. cuttings exposed to salt stresses (0, 0.85, 8.5, 17, and 85 mM NaCl in experiment 1 and 0, 50, 100, 150, and 200 mM in experiment 2) for 4 weeks in 2/5 Hoagland solution. Salt did not markedly inhibit height growth and diameter increment in 150 and 100 mM NaCl, respectively. The 85 mM NaCl treatment increased the dry weights of roots and total dry weight of plants, while 150 mM NaCl significantly reduced the dry weights of leaves, stems, and total plant weight. The decline in the photosynthetic rate lagged 2 weeks behind that of stomatal conductance in the 50 and 100 mM salt solutions. Different ions exhibited different distributions in different parts of the plant. Most Na+ ions were excluded and/or compartmentalized in roots at low and moderate salt stress (≤50 mM). K+ content in leaves increased with the increase in the salt concentration in the growth solutions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nature and Landscape Conservation
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law