Growth processes of particles in high frequency silane plasmas

Yukio Watanabe, Masaharu Shiratani, Hiroharu Kawasaki, Sanjay Singh, Tsuyoshi Fukuzawa, Yoshio Ueda, Hiroshi Ohkura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Growth processes of particles in high frequency silane plasmas are studied as a parameter of discharge frequency (3.5-28 MHz) or by modulating the amplitude of discharge voltage (125-275 V). Except for the 28 MHz case, particles tend to grow through three phases of nucleation and subsequent initial growth, rapid growth, and growth saturation. A detailed study for 6.5 MHz explains the following features: morphology of particles shows that coagulation of particles plays a crucial role in the rapid growth phase; a coagulation rate of 200 s-1 observed in the rapid growth phase is extremely high compared to a thermal collision rate of 5 s-1 between particles; coagulation almost stops when decreasing the discharge power by about one-fourth at the middle of the rapid growth phase; two size groups of particles with narrow size dispersions coexist during and after the rapid growth phase. For 28 MHz, while, as compared to 6.5 MHz, particles appear early after the initiation of discharge and their density is high by about two orders, their growth rate in the subsequent phase is quite low. To properly explain most rapid growth features, a model, taking into account coagulation between oppositely charged particles, is proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)540-545
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1996

Fingerprint

Silanes
silanes
Plasmas
Coagulation
coagulation
collision rates
Charged particles
Dispersions
Nucleation
charged particles
nucleation
saturation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Growth processes of particles in high frequency silane plasmas. / Watanabe, Yukio; Shiratani, Masaharu; Kawasaki, Hiroharu; Singh, Sanjay; Fukuzawa, Tsuyoshi; Ueda, Yoshio; Ohkura, Hiroshi.

In: Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films, Vol. 14, No. 2, 01.01.1996, p. 540-545.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Watanabe, Yukio ; Shiratani, Masaharu ; Kawasaki, Hiroharu ; Singh, Sanjay ; Fukuzawa, Tsuyoshi ; Ueda, Yoshio ; Ohkura, Hiroshi. / Growth processes of particles in high frequency silane plasmas. In: Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films. 1996 ; Vol. 14, No. 2. pp. 540-545.
@article{8fcc6797fe4b49589dc82cec843c560d,
title = "Growth processes of particles in high frequency silane plasmas",
abstract = "Growth processes of particles in high frequency silane plasmas are studied as a parameter of discharge frequency (3.5-28 MHz) or by modulating the amplitude of discharge voltage (125-275 V). Except for the 28 MHz case, particles tend to grow through three phases of nucleation and subsequent initial growth, rapid growth, and growth saturation. A detailed study for 6.5 MHz explains the following features: morphology of particles shows that coagulation of particles plays a crucial role in the rapid growth phase; a coagulation rate of 200 s-1 observed in the rapid growth phase is extremely high compared to a thermal collision rate of 5 s-1 between particles; coagulation almost stops when decreasing the discharge power by about one-fourth at the middle of the rapid growth phase; two size groups of particles with narrow size dispersions coexist during and after the rapid growth phase. For 28 MHz, while, as compared to 6.5 MHz, particles appear early after the initiation of discharge and their density is high by about two orders, their growth rate in the subsequent phase is quite low. To properly explain most rapid growth features, a model, taking into account coagulation between oppositely charged particles, is proposed.",
author = "Yukio Watanabe and Masaharu Shiratani and Hiroharu Kawasaki and Sanjay Singh and Tsuyoshi Fukuzawa and Yoshio Ueda and Hiroshi Ohkura",
year = "1996",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1116/1.580141",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "540--545",
journal = "Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A",
issn = "0734-2101",
publisher = "AVS Science and Technology Society",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Growth processes of particles in high frequency silane plasmas

AU - Watanabe, Yukio

AU - Shiratani, Masaharu

AU - Kawasaki, Hiroharu

AU - Singh, Sanjay

AU - Fukuzawa, Tsuyoshi

AU - Ueda, Yoshio

AU - Ohkura, Hiroshi

PY - 1996/1/1

Y1 - 1996/1/1

N2 - Growth processes of particles in high frequency silane plasmas are studied as a parameter of discharge frequency (3.5-28 MHz) or by modulating the amplitude of discharge voltage (125-275 V). Except for the 28 MHz case, particles tend to grow through three phases of nucleation and subsequent initial growth, rapid growth, and growth saturation. A detailed study for 6.5 MHz explains the following features: morphology of particles shows that coagulation of particles plays a crucial role in the rapid growth phase; a coagulation rate of 200 s-1 observed in the rapid growth phase is extremely high compared to a thermal collision rate of 5 s-1 between particles; coagulation almost stops when decreasing the discharge power by about one-fourth at the middle of the rapid growth phase; two size groups of particles with narrow size dispersions coexist during and after the rapid growth phase. For 28 MHz, while, as compared to 6.5 MHz, particles appear early after the initiation of discharge and their density is high by about two orders, their growth rate in the subsequent phase is quite low. To properly explain most rapid growth features, a model, taking into account coagulation between oppositely charged particles, is proposed.

AB - Growth processes of particles in high frequency silane plasmas are studied as a parameter of discharge frequency (3.5-28 MHz) or by modulating the amplitude of discharge voltage (125-275 V). Except for the 28 MHz case, particles tend to grow through three phases of nucleation and subsequent initial growth, rapid growth, and growth saturation. A detailed study for 6.5 MHz explains the following features: morphology of particles shows that coagulation of particles plays a crucial role in the rapid growth phase; a coagulation rate of 200 s-1 observed in the rapid growth phase is extremely high compared to a thermal collision rate of 5 s-1 between particles; coagulation almost stops when decreasing the discharge power by about one-fourth at the middle of the rapid growth phase; two size groups of particles with narrow size dispersions coexist during and after the rapid growth phase. For 28 MHz, while, as compared to 6.5 MHz, particles appear early after the initiation of discharge and their density is high by about two orders, their growth rate in the subsequent phase is quite low. To properly explain most rapid growth features, a model, taking into account coagulation between oppositely charged particles, is proposed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030525442&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030525442&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1116/1.580141

DO - 10.1116/1.580141

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0030525442

VL - 14

SP - 540

EP - 545

JO - Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A

JF - Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A

SN - 0734-2101

IS - 2

ER -