Gut dysbiosis and bacterial translocation in the aneurysmal wall and blood in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm

Ken Nakayama, Tadashi Furuyama, Yutaka Matsubara, Koichi Morisaki, Toshihiro Onohara, Tetsuo Ikeda, Tomoharu Yoshizumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Inflammation plays a part in the development of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), and the gut microbiota affects host inflammation by bacterial translocation. The relationship between abdominal aortic aneurysm and the gut microbiota remains unknown. This study aimed to detect bacterial translocation in the aneurysmal wall and blood of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm, and to investigate the effect of the gut microbiota on abdominal aortic aneurysm. We investigated 30 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm from 2017 to 2019. We analysed the aneurysmal wall and blood using highly sensitive reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and the gut microbiota was investigated using next-generation sequencing. In the 30 patients, bacteria were detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction in 19 blood samples (detection rate, 63%) and in 11 aneurysmal wall samples (detection rate, 37%). In the gut microbiota analysis, the Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio was increased. The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio was higher (2.94 ± 1.77 vs 1.96 ± 0.61, P < 0.05) and the lymphocyte-monocyte ratio was lower (4.02 ± 1.25 vs 5.86 ± 1.38, P < 0.01) in the bacterial carrier group than in the bacterial non-carrier group in blood samples. The volume of intraluminal thrombus was significantly higher in the bacterial carrier group than in the bacterial non-carrier group in aneurysmal wall samples (64.0% vs 34.7%, P < 0.05). We confirmed gut dysbiosis and bacterial translocation to the blood and aneurysmal wall in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm. There appears to be a relationship between the gut microbiota and abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0278995
JournalPloS one
Volume17
Issue number12 December
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Gut dysbiosis and bacterial translocation in the aneurysmal wall and blood in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this