Hand-Assisted Laparoscopic vs Hand-Assisted Retroperitoneoscopic Living-Donor Nephrectomy: A Retrospective, Single-Center, Propensity-Score Analysis of 840 Transplants Using 2 Techniques

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Abstract

Introduction: Living-donor kidney transplantation (LDKT) is the most realistic option for patients with end-stage kidney disease because of a severe shortage of deceased donors. Hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (HALDN) and hand-assisted retroperitoneoscopic donor nephrectomy (HARDN) have been undertaken at our institute. We compared these 2 surgical procedures with respect to donor outcome and the graft function of recipients. Methods: We reviewed data from 840 consecutive live-donor kidney transplants from October 2003 to April 2019. Propensity scores were calculated for each patient using bivariate logistic regression. Results: After propensity-score matching, the 2 groups each contained 205 patients. Donors in the HALDN group had a longer procedure time (217 minutes, P < .0001), less estimated blood loss (51 mL, P < .0001), lower serum levels of C-reactive protein at postoperative day (POD) 1 (7.9 mg/dL, P < .0001) than those in the HARDN group. There were 22 modified Clavien-classifiable complications among the study groups. A significantly higher conversion to open surgery was noted in the HARDN group (P = .0181) than in the HALDN group, but there was no significant difference in the prevalence of complications in either group. There was no significant difference in the estimated glomerular filtration rate of recipients at POD14 between the 2 groups. Conclusions: Safety and early graft function of HALDN in LDKT are comparable to or even better than that of HARDN.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1655-1660
Number of pages6
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume52
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation

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