The centromere, in which kinetochore proteins are assembled, plays an important role in the accurate congression and segregation of chromosomes during cell mitosis. Although the function of the centromere and kinetochore is conserved from monocentric to holocentric, the DNA sequences of the centromere and components of the kinetochore are varied among different species. Given the lack of core centromere protein A (CENP-A) and CENP-C in the lepidopteran silkworm Bombyx mori, which possesses holocentric chromosomes, here we investigated the role of CENP-N, another important member of the centromere protein family essential for kinetochore assembly. For the first time, cellular localization and RNA interference against CENP-N have confirmed its kinetochore function in silkworms. To gain further insights into the regulation of CENP-N in the centromere, we analyzed the affinity-purified complex of CENP-N by mass spectrometry and identified 142 interacting proteins. Among these factors, we found that the chaperone protein heat shock cognate 70 (HSC70) is able to regulate the stability of CENP-N by prohibiting ubiquitin–proteasome pathway, indicating that HSC70 could control cell cycle-regulated degradation of CENP-N at centromeres. Altogether, the present work will provide a novel clue to understand the regulatory mechanism for the kinetochore activity of CENP-N during the cell cycle.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry