Heat transfer enhancement of TiO2/water nanofluids flowing inside a square minichannel with a microfin structure: A numerical investigation

Budi Kristiawan, Agung Tri Wijayanta, Koji Enoki, Takahiko Miyazaki, Muhammad Aziz

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Abstract

A combination of two passive heat transfer enhancement techniques using a microfin structure and nanofluids was investigated numerically. TiO2/water nanofluids flowing inside a square minichannel with a microfin structure (SMM) were observed as a practical application. Increased heat transfer performance was investigated by observing the Nusselt number, friction factor, and performance evaluation criterion (PEC). Velocity and temperature profiles were also demonstrated at a laminar developing flow regime. The SMM used in this work had six microfins (N = 6) and TiO2/water nanofluids with various nanoparticle concentrations of 0.005, 0.01, and 0.1 vol.%. By combining nanofluids as working fluids and SMM as a passive heat transfer enhancement, the maximum PEC value of 1.2 was achieved at Re = 380 with a volume fraction of 0.01 vol.%. It is obvious that compared to water flowing inside the square minichannel microfin, the heat transfer can be increased by using only a nanofluid with a volume fraction of 0.01%. The combination of a microfin and nanofluids as working fluids is strongly recommended due to its excellent performance in terms of heat transfer and economic considerations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3041
JournalEnergies
Volume12
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 7 2019

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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