Heat–Electric Power Conversion Without Temperature Difference Using Only n-Type Ba8AuxSi46−x Clathrate with Au Compositional Gradient

Yuki Osakabe, Shota Tatsumi, Yuichi Kotsubo, Junpei Iwanaga, Keita Yamasoto, Shinji Munetoh, Osamu Furukimi, Kunihiko Nakashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Thermoelectric power generation is typically based on the Seebeck effect under a temperature gradient. However, the heat flux generated by the temperature difference results in low conversion efficiency. Recently, we developed a heat–electric power conversion mechanism using a material consisting of a wide-bandgap n-type semiconductor, a narrow-bandgap intrinsic semiconductor, and a wide-bandgap p-type semiconductor. In this paper, we propose a heat–electric power conversion mechanism in the absence of a temperature difference using only n-type Ba8AuxSi46−x clathrate. Single-crystal Ba8AuxSi46−x clathrate with a Au compositional gradient was synthesized by Czochralski method. Based on the results of wavelength-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy and Seebeck coefficient measurements, the presence of a Au compositional gradient in the sample was confirmed. It also observed that the electrical properties changed gradually from wide-bandgap n-type to narrow-bandgap n-type. When the sample was heated in the absence of a temperature difference, the voltage generated was approximately 0.28 mV at 500°C. These results suggest that only an n-type semiconductor with a controlled bandgap can generate electric power in the absence of a temperature difference.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3273-3276
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Electronic Materials
Volume47
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2018

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clathrates
temperature gradients
Energy gap
gradients
Semiconductor materials
n-type semiconductors
Seebeck effect
Temperature
thermoelectric power generation
p-type semiconductors
Crystal growth from melt
Seebeck coefficient
Czochralski method
Thermoelectric power
electric power
Thermal gradients
x ray spectroscopy
Conversion efficiency
Power generation
Heat flux

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Heat–Electric Power Conversion Without Temperature Difference Using Only n-Type Ba8AuxSi46−x Clathrate with Au Compositional Gradient. / Osakabe, Yuki; Tatsumi, Shota; Kotsubo, Yuichi; Iwanaga, Junpei; Yamasoto, Keita; Munetoh, Shinji; Furukimi, Osamu; Nakashima, Kunihiko.

In: Journal of Electronic Materials, Vol. 47, No. 6, 01.06.2018, p. 3273-3276.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Osakabe, Yuki ; Tatsumi, Shota ; Kotsubo, Yuichi ; Iwanaga, Junpei ; Yamasoto, Keita ; Munetoh, Shinji ; Furukimi, Osamu ; Nakashima, Kunihiko. / Heat–Electric Power Conversion Without Temperature Difference Using Only n-Type Ba8AuxSi46−x Clathrate with Au Compositional Gradient. In: Journal of Electronic Materials. 2018 ; Vol. 47, No. 6. pp. 3273-3276.
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