Hedgehog signaling regulates PDL-1 expression in cancer cells to induce anti-tumor activity by activated lymphocytes

Hideya Onishi, Akiko Fujimura, Yasuhiro Oyama, Akio Yamasaki, Akira Imaizumi, Makoto Kawamoto, Mitsuo Katano, Masayo Umebayashi, Takashi Morisaki

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3 Citations (Scopus)


We investigated whether hypoxia-induced activation of Hh signaling contributes to PDL-1 expression in cancer and whether it affects the anti-tumor function of activated lymphocytes. Hypoxia augmented PDL-1 expression and inhibition of Hh signaling reduced PDL-1 expression under hypoxia. When activated lymphocytes were cocultured with cancers treated with a Hh inhibitor, activated lymphocyte cell numbers increased under hypoxia. In contrast, this increase was abrogated when cancer cells were treated with a PDL-1 neutralizing antibody. These results suggest that Hh signaling is one of regulatory pathways of PDL-1 expression under hypoxia and that inhibiting Hh signaling may induce lymphocyte anti-tumor activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-204
Number of pages6
JournalCellular Immunology
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology

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