Heian Jingū: Monument or Shinto Shrine?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The founding of Heian Jingū in 1895 is usually explained in very simple terms: it was established to commemorate the 1100th anniversary of the move to the Heian capital and was, therefore, dedicated to the city’s founder, Kanmu Tennō. A closer look at the shrine’s founding story, however, reveals a much more complex account that illustrates the fits and starts of State Shintō in the third decade of the Meiji period. By disentangling the standard narrative of Heian Jingū’s founding, this article touches not only on doctrinal issues such as the deification of past emperors, but also on material aspects such as early attempts at reconstructing long-lost structures and the Meiji government’s creation of a set of plans that regulated the appearance of newly erected shrines. Doing so will help explain how the design of this major imperial shrine could deviate so significantly from the stipulated template and be so replete with Chinese influences at a time when the relationship between the two countries was one of outright hostility.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-26
JournalJournal of Religion in Japan
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2018

Fingerprint

Founding
Shrines
Shinto
Meiji Period
Deification
Government
Hostility
Meiji
Emperor
Template

Cite this

Heian Jingū: Monument or Shinto Shrine? / Van Goethem, Ellen.

In: Journal of Religion in Japan, Vol. 7, No. 1, 11.2018, p. 1-26.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c7edf91134e44ca39cccd25a6b95ab9a,
title = "Heian Jingū: Monument or Shinto Shrine?",
abstract = "The founding of Heian Jingū in 1895 is usually explained in very simple terms: it was established to commemorate the 1100th anniversary of the move to the Heian capital and was, therefore, dedicated to the city’s founder, Kanmu Tennō. A closer look at the shrine’s founding story, however, reveals a much more complex account that illustrates the fits and starts of State Shintō in the third decade of the Meiji period. By disentangling the standard narrative of Heian Jingū’s founding, this article touches not only on doctrinal issues such as the deification of past emperors, but also on material aspects such as early attempts at reconstructing long-lost structures and the Meiji government’s creation of a set of plans that regulated the appearance of newly erected shrines. Doing so will help explain how the design of this major imperial shrine could deviate so significantly from the stipulated template and be so replete with Chinese influences at a time when the relationship between the two countries was one of outright hostility.",
author = "{Van Goethem}, Ellen",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1163/22118349-00701005",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "1--26",
journal = "Journal of Religion in Japan",
issn = "2211-8330",
publisher = "Brill",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Heian Jingū: Monument or Shinto Shrine?

AU - Van Goethem, Ellen

PY - 2018/11

Y1 - 2018/11

N2 - The founding of Heian Jingū in 1895 is usually explained in very simple terms: it was established to commemorate the 1100th anniversary of the move to the Heian capital and was, therefore, dedicated to the city’s founder, Kanmu Tennō. A closer look at the shrine’s founding story, however, reveals a much more complex account that illustrates the fits and starts of State Shintō in the third decade of the Meiji period. By disentangling the standard narrative of Heian Jingū’s founding, this article touches not only on doctrinal issues such as the deification of past emperors, but also on material aspects such as early attempts at reconstructing long-lost structures and the Meiji government’s creation of a set of plans that regulated the appearance of newly erected shrines. Doing so will help explain how the design of this major imperial shrine could deviate so significantly from the stipulated template and be so replete with Chinese influences at a time when the relationship between the two countries was one of outright hostility.

AB - The founding of Heian Jingū in 1895 is usually explained in very simple terms: it was established to commemorate the 1100th anniversary of the move to the Heian capital and was, therefore, dedicated to the city’s founder, Kanmu Tennō. A closer look at the shrine’s founding story, however, reveals a much more complex account that illustrates the fits and starts of State Shintō in the third decade of the Meiji period. By disentangling the standard narrative of Heian Jingū’s founding, this article touches not only on doctrinal issues such as the deification of past emperors, but also on material aspects such as early attempts at reconstructing long-lost structures and the Meiji government’s creation of a set of plans that regulated the appearance of newly erected shrines. Doing so will help explain how the design of this major imperial shrine could deviate so significantly from the stipulated template and be so replete with Chinese influences at a time when the relationship between the two countries was one of outright hostility.

U2 - 10.1163/22118349-00701005

DO - 10.1163/22118349-00701005

M3 - Article

VL - 7

SP - 1

EP - 26

JO - Journal of Religion in Japan

JF - Journal of Religion in Japan

SN - 2211-8330

IS - 1

ER -