We measured reaction rates of electron attachment to atomic hydrogen on liquid helium surface at 0.3 K in applied magnetic fields up to 11 T. The lifetime of electron-hydrogen gas in two-dimensional mixture becomes longer as the magnetic field is increased. It is found that the reaction rate coefficient behaves like ∼B-2 and its value above 5 T is eight orders of magnitude smaller than the zero field value. We interpret our result that only electron spin singlet collisions produce negative hydrogen H-. It is consistent with the fact that the two bound electrons of H- are spin antiparallel.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics