Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate the surgical parameters and treatment outcomes of tumor hemodynamics-based pure laparoscopic (PURE) and laparoscopy-assisted (HYBRID) hepatectomy for small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) compared with those of open hepatectomy. Methods: Using a prospectively collected database from 1997 to 2011, we analyzed the data of 56 consecutive cases of laparoscopic hepatectomy for HCC (PURE, n = 24; HYBRID, n = 29; HALS, n = 3) from among 102 cases undergoing laparoscopic hepatectomy. We employed 27 cases treated by open hepatectomy during the same period as controls. Results: PURE was associated with lesser blood loss, lower weight of the resected liver, and a shorter skin incision than HYBRID and open hepatectomy [median blood loss (mL): PURE 7, HYBRID 380, Open 450; P < 0.05]. On the other hand, HYBRID hepatectomy was associated with a longer operation time [operation time (min): HYBRID 232, Open 185; P = 0.0226]. The length of hospitalization in the cases treated by PURE and HYBRID hepatectomy was shorter than that in the cases treated by open hepatectomy [length of hospitalization (days): PURE 11, HYBRID 12, Open 17; P < 0.05]. One case each of transfusion and morbidity was recorded in this series. There was no significant difference of the overall (OS) or disease-free survival (DFS) between the patients treated by laparoscopic and open hepatectomy (3-year OS: 100 vs. 100 %; DFS 50 vs. 62 %, respectively). Conclusions: Neither the surgical parameters nor the treatment outcomes of hemodynamics-based laparoscopic hepatectomy were inferior to those of open hepatectomy.
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