Hepatocyte growth factor and epidermal growth factor promote spheroid formation in polyurethane foam/hepatocyte culture and improve expression and maintenance of albumin production

Hiroyuki Ijima, Hiroshi Mizumoto, Kohji Nakazawa, Toshihisa Kajiwara, Taku Matsushita, Kazumori Funatsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In our previous pre-clinical study with pig hepatic failure, an artificial liver with polyurethane foam (PUF)/primary porcine hepatocyte spheroids had superior curative effect. We examined the effect of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), also known as scatter factor, on the quick formation of hepatocyte spheroids and albumin production. Spheroids were formed in the pores of PUF within 3 days regardless of addition of growth factors. In particular, spheroids were formed within 1 day in medium containing 100 ng/ml HGF and 50 ng/ml epidermal growth factor (EGF). 10,000 ng/ml HGF was effective for albumin production, but the activity dramatically decreased after 6 days in EGF-free medium. On the other hand, 100 ng/ml HGF was effective for albumin production in EGF-containing medium. Albumin production rate with ≥1000 ng/ml HGF was about 1.5 times higher than that with 100 ng/ml HGF. Furthermore, albumin production rate at 3 weeks was about 1.5 times higher than that at 2 days with 1000 ng/ml HGF. The maintenance of albumin production rate depended on the activity of the individual cell and not cell growth. In other words, we were able to show the effectiveness of HGF for functional hepatocyte organoid formation in PUF pores. Crown

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-26
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical Engineering Journal
Volume47
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

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