Hetero-epitaxial growth of (1, 0, m+1) one axis-oriented bismuth layered structured ferroelectrics thin films directly crystallized by MOCVD

Norimasa Nukaga, Takayuki Watanabe, Tomohiro Sakai, Toshimasa Suzuki, Yuji Nishi, Masayuki Fujimoto, Hiroshi Funakubo

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Bismuth layered structured ferroelectrics (BLSF) thin films with different number of octahedron number (m-number) were prepared by MOCVD and directly crystallized on the substrates. Directly-crystallized SrBi2Ta2O9 (SBT) (m=2) films on a (111) Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si substrate were ascertained to have a strong (103) one-axis orientation by the X-ray reciprocal space mapping and to be hetero-epitaxially grown on the (111) Pt grains by the TEM observation. Moreover, directly crystallized Bi2VO5.5 (m=1) and Bi4Ti3O12 (m=3) films deposited on the same substrate showed (102) and (104) one-axis preferred orientations, respectively. These orientations are basically the equal ones with SBT (103) orientation because the tilting angle of c-axis from the substrate surface is also about 55°. Therefore, the direct crystallization is one of the important key techniques for orientation control of BLSF films. Moreover, the directly crystallized SBT film deposited on a (111) Ir/TiOx/SiO2/Si substrate at 570°C by ECR-MOCVD exhibited (103) one-axis orientation, which also originated from the local epitaxial growth on (111)-oriented Ir grains. The remanent polarization (2Pr), and the coercive field (Ec) of this film were 16.1 μC/cm2 and 83 kV/cm at an applied electric field of 360kV/cm, respectively. This Pr value is about 88% of the expected value of (103)-oriented SBT film from both the Pr values of the (116) and (001)-oriented epitaxial films and detailed crystal analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-40
Number of pages6
JournalUnknown Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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