Radical polymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAAm) in toluene at low temperatures, in the presence of fluorinated-alcohols, produced heterotactic polymer comprising an alternating sequence of meso and racemo dyads. The heterotactic- ity reached 70% in triads when polymerization was carried out at -40 °C using non- afluoro-tert-butanol as the added alcohol. NMR analysis revealed that formation of a 1:1 complex of NIPAAm and fluorinated-alcohol through C=O-H-O hydrogen bonding induces the heterotactic specificity. A mechanism for the heterotactic-specific polymerization is proposed. Examination of the phase transition behavior of aqueous solutions of heterotactic poly(NIPAAm) revealed that the hysteresis of the phase transition between the heating and cooling cycles depended on the average length of meso dyads in poly(NIPAAm).
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - May 15 2009|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Polymers and Plastics
- Organic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry