Hexagonal defect array formed under steady shear flow in water-in-cholesteric liquid crystal emulsions

Makoto Yada, Jun Ichi Fukuda, Jun Yamamoto, Hiroshi Yokoyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relation between the liquid crystalline textures and the steady shear viscosity has been investigated in cholesteric emulsions, composed of water, surfactants, and cholesteric liquid crystals. Both at the substrate surface and at the surfactant-coated droplet surface, a homeotropic anchoring is enforced to the adjacent liquid crystal. Under a steady shear flow with the shear rate below 100 s-1, we observed that point defects spontaneously appear, and tend to adopt a regular hexagonal arrangement in the low shear-rate range of 1-20 s-1. In viscosity measurements, the shear-thinning behavior was found, showing a clear correspondence to the texture change. We estimated the height of point defects in the hexagonal array from the viscosity increase in the shear-thinning, assuming that the shear-thinning behavior is caused by the reduction of the effective gap between cone and plate, owing to the presence of the hexagonal array anchored on the plate. The relation between the estimated height and the measured lateral size of point defects agreed with that of the quadrilateral array, which is formed after termination of the shear. This agreement informs that the shape of a point defect is preserved in both defect arrays, independently of shearing conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)578-584
Number of pages7
JournalRheologica Acta
Volume42
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

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Cholesteric liquid crystals
Point defects
Shear flow
Emulsions
shear flow
point defects
emulsions
shear thinning
Shear thinning
liquid crystals
shear
Defects
Water
defects
viscosity
Surface-Active Agents
Shear deformation
water
Surface active agents
textures

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Hexagonal defect array formed under steady shear flow in water-in-cholesteric liquid crystal emulsions. / Yada, Makoto; Fukuda, Jun Ichi; Yamamoto, Jun; Yokoyama, Hiroshi.

In: Rheologica Acta, Vol. 42, No. 6, 01.11.2003, p. 578-584.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yada, Makoto ; Fukuda, Jun Ichi ; Yamamoto, Jun ; Yokoyama, Hiroshi. / Hexagonal defect array formed under steady shear flow in water-in-cholesteric liquid crystal emulsions. In: Rheologica Acta. 2003 ; Vol. 42, No. 6. pp. 578-584.
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