High-cholesterol diets induce changes in lipid composition of rat erythrocyte membrane including decrease in cholesterol, increase in α-tocopherol and changes in fatty acids of phospholipids

Shiro Mawatari, Yasushi Ohnishi, Yoshikazu Kaji, Tohru Maruyama, Kaori Murakami, Koichiro Tsutsui, Takehiko Fujino

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Abstract

Effects of high dietary cholesterol on erythrocyte membrane lipids were studied. Feeding rats with a diet containing 0.5% cholesterol and 0.15% sodium cholate for two weeks induced changes in erythrocyte membrane lipids including a decrease in cholesterol, an increase in α-tocopherol (α-Toc) and changes in the fatty acid composition of phospholipids. Oleic acid and linoleic acid increased, while arachidonic acid decreased in phosphatidylcholine. Saturated fatty acids decreased and unsaturated fatty acids increased in phosphatidylethanolamine. Almost the same changes in membrane lipids were also noted after six weeks of feeding rats with the diet. A diet containing 0.5% cholesterol but without sodium cholate caused a decrease in erythrocyte cholesterol and an increase in erythrocyte α-Toc after two weeks of feeding, as compared to the basal diet, indicating that high dietary cholesterol, but not sodium cholate, was responsible for these changes in the erythrocyte membrane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1457-1464
Number of pages8
JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Volume67
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry

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