High-current injection and transport on order of kA/cm2 in organic light-emitting diodes having mixed organic/organic heterojunction interfaces

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Abstract

We manufactured multilayer organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) with mixed organic/organic heterojunction interfaces composed of alpha-sexithiophene and phenyldipyrenylphosphine oxide carrier-transporting layers. In the mixed-interface OLEDs, we achieved a low driving voltage of 3.6V at a current flow of 100mA/cm2, which was caused by efficient carrier injection at the mixed interfaces. We investigated how much current can flow through these OLEDs with the aim of fabricating electrically pumped organic laser diodes. We found that an OLED of this type with a small active area of 625 μm 2 on a high-thermal-conductivity sapphire substrate can sustain high current densities of 1.1 kA/cm2 and emits bright electroluminescence of 7.9 Mcd/m2 under direct current.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L861-L863
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 2: Letters
Volume46
Issue number33-35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 7 2007

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high current
heterojunctions
light emitting diodes
injection
organic lasers
carrier injection
electroluminescence
low voltage
sapphire
thermal conductivity
direct current
semiconductor lasers
current density
oxides

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "We manufactured multilayer organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) with mixed organic/organic heterojunction interfaces composed of alpha-sexithiophene and phenyldipyrenylphosphine oxide carrier-transporting layers. In the mixed-interface OLEDs, we achieved a low driving voltage of 3.6V at a current flow of 100mA/cm2, which was caused by efficient carrier injection at the mixed interfaces. We investigated how much current can flow through these OLEDs with the aim of fabricating electrically pumped organic laser diodes. We found that an OLED of this type with a small active area of 625 μm 2 on a high-thermal-conductivity sapphire substrate can sustain high current densities of 1.1 kA/cm2 and emits bright electroluminescence of 7.9 Mcd/m2 under direct current.",
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AU - Adachi, Chihaya

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AB - We manufactured multilayer organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) with mixed organic/organic heterojunction interfaces composed of alpha-sexithiophene and phenyldipyrenylphosphine oxide carrier-transporting layers. In the mixed-interface OLEDs, we achieved a low driving voltage of 3.6V at a current flow of 100mA/cm2, which was caused by efficient carrier injection at the mixed interfaces. We investigated how much current can flow through these OLEDs with the aim of fabricating electrically pumped organic laser diodes. We found that an OLED of this type with a small active area of 625 μm 2 on a high-thermal-conductivity sapphire substrate can sustain high current densities of 1.1 kA/cm2 and emits bright electroluminescence of 7.9 Mcd/m2 under direct current.

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