Background; Oxaliplatin is a third-generation platinum compound and a key agent for the management of colorectal cancer. Patients treated with oxaliplatin are at risk for hypersensitivity reactions. We designed a modified premedication regimen to prevent oxaliplatin-related hypersensitive-ity reactions and assessed if this approach is effective. Methods; A retrospective cohort study of patients with advanced colorectal cancer who received modified FOLFOX6 (mFOLFOX6) was performed. Patients received routine premedication with dexamethasone 8 mg and gra-nisetron 3 mg for the first five cycles of mFOLFOX6. From the sixth cycle onward, cohort 1 received the same premedication, and cohort 2 received modified premedication (diphenhydramine 50 mg orally, followed by dexamethasone 20 mg, granisetron 3 mg, and famotidine 20 mg). We compared the incidence of hypersensitivity reactions, duration of treatment, and reasons for treatment withdrawal between the two cohorts. Results; A total of 181 patients were studied (cohort 1, 81; cohort 2, 100). Hypersensitivity reactions developed in 16 patients (20%) in cohort 1 and 7 (7.0%) in cohort 2 (P = 0.0153). The median number of cycles increased from 9 in cohort 1 to 12 in cohort 2. Apart from progressive disease, neurotoxicity was the reason for discontinuing treatment in 20% of the patients in cohort 1, as compared with 53% in cohort 2. Conclusion; Increased doses of dexamethasone and anti-histamine significantly reduced oxaliplatin-related hypersensitivity reactions. This effective approach should be considered for all patients who receive FOLFOX, allowing treatment to be completed as planned.
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