We have shown that triazine compounds of 2-biphenyl-4-yl-4,6-bis-(4′-pyridin-2-yl-biphenyl-4-yl)-[1,3,5]triazine (DPT) and 2,4-bis-biphenyl-4-yl-6-(4′-pyridin-2-yl-biphenyl-4-yl)-[1,3,5]triazine (MPT) work as excellent electron-transport layers (ETLs) of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). By replacing a typical ELT of tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum (Alq3) with the DPT ETL and the MPT ETL, driving voltages and power conversion efficiencies of OLEDs operated at a current density of 50 mA cm-2 are improved from 7.7 ± 0.2 V and 1.41 ± 0.10 lm W-1 (Alq3) to 6.0 ± 0.1 V and 1.62 ± 0.09 lm W-1 (DPT) and 5.2 ± 0.1 V and 1.88 ± 0.18 lm W-1 (MPT), respectively. Half lifetimes of the OLEDs operated at the same current are also enhanced from 3200 h (Alq3) to 4200 h (MPT) by using the MPT ETL. The reduction in driving voltage is found to arise from more efficient electron injection at interfaces of DPT/cathode (a barrier height of ≈0.61 eV) and MPT/cathode (a barrier height of ≈0.51 eV) than at an interface of Alq3/cathode (a barrier height of ≈0.73 eV) as well as better electron mobilities of DPT (8.7 × 10-5 cm2 V-1 s-1 at an electric field of 5.0 × 105 V cm-1) and MPT (1.4 × 10-4 cm2 V-1 s-1 at the same field) than that of Alq3 (4.1 × 10-6 cm2 V-1 s-1 at the same field [Naka et al., Synth. Met. 111-112 (2000) 331.]). A high-mobility electron-transport material of 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline (BPhen) is also used as an ETL for comparison of OLED characteristics.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering