Expression of ganglioside α-2,8-sialyltransferase (GD3 synthase; EC 22.214.171.124) gene and gangliosides in human leukemia cells were analyzed. Flow cytometric analysis of various types of leukemia cells using monoclonal antibodies revealed that GD3 was expressed at a moderate level on adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) cells and weakly on T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia cells. Accordingly, high levels of GD3 synthase mRNA in ATL and low levels in T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia were demonstrated by semiquantitative reverse transcription-PCR analysis. High-level expression of the GD3 synthase gene in ATL cells was detected in the uncultured state, and was not changed during short-term culture in vitro. This was in contrast with the rapid up-regulation of GM2/GD2 synthase gene, which was observed within 24 h after start of culture after the emergence of human T-lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) gene expression. In cultured normal T lymphocytes with or without HTLV-I p40tax protein, GD3 synthase gene was almost equally expressed, whereas GM2/GD2 synthase gene was much more strongly expressed in the p40tax-positive T cells. These findings indicated that the GD3 synthase gene was highly expressed in ATL cells unrelated to HTLV-I genome expression.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 15 1996|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research