High expression of microRNA-155 is associated with the aggressive malignant behavior of gallbladder carcinoma.

Hiroshi Kono, Masafumi Nakamura, Takao Ohtsuka, Yosuke Nagayoshi, Yasuhisa Mori, Shunichi Takahata, Shinichi Aishima, Masao Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The prognosis of gallbladder cancer (GBC) remains poor despite recent advances in diagnostics and therapeutic strategies. Although the role of microRNAs (miRs) in GBC have not been well documented, miR-155 is known to be associated with inflammation-associated carcinogenesis in various types of cancers. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical significance of miR-155 expression and the biological functions of miR-155 in GBC. The expression levels of miR-155 in surgically resected GBCs and gallbladders with pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBM) were assessed by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The relationship between the expression levels of miR-155 and clinicopathological features of GBCs was analyzed. Human GBC cell lines were transfected with miR-155 inhibitors or mimics, and the effects on proliferation and invasion were assessed. miR-155 was significantly overexpressed in GBCs when compared with that in gallbladders with PBM (p=0.007) and normal gallbladders (p=0.04). The high expression level of miR-155 in GBCs was significantly associated with the presence of lymph node metastasis (p=0.01) and a poor prognosis (p=0.02). In vitro assays showed that aberrant expression of miR-155 significantly enhanced GBC cell proliferation and invasion. In conclusion, high miR-155 expression correlates with the aggressive behavior of GBCs, and miR-155 may become a prognostic marker and therapeutic target for GBC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-24
Number of pages8
JournalOncology reports
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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