We report the Ru doping effect on the gas-sensing properties of SnO2 nanofibers for acetone detection in this paper. For this purpose, pure and 1, 2, 3 mol% Ru-doped SnO2 nanofibers were prepared through electrospinning technique combined with calcination treatment. The fibrous microstructure of these nanofibers were maintained and the grain size of the SnO2 nanoparticals were decreased from 9.2 nm (pure) to 5.1 nm (3% Ru-doped) after Ru doping. In order to confirm that Ru doping is an effective way to improve the gas sensing properties of the SnO2-based gas sensor, the gas sensing properties of the sensors based on pure and Ru doped SnO2 nanofibers were investigated systematically. The results showed that the response to 100 ppm acetone of 2 mol% Ru-doped SnO2 nanofibers was 118.8, which was 12 times higher than that of pure SnO2 nanofibers. In the end, the role of Ru in the gas sensing mechanism of SnO2 nanofibers was analyzed according to the results of the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Materials Chemistry