High-performance indium phosphide nanowires synthesized on amorphous substrates: From formation mechanism to optical and electrical transport measurements

Alvin T. Hui, Fengyun Wang, Ning Han, Senpo Yip, Fei Xiu, Jared J. Hou, Yu Ting Yen, Takfu Hung, Yu Lun Chueh, Johnny C. Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

InP NWs have been extensively explored for next-generation electronic and optoelectronic devices due to their excellent carrier mobility, exciton lifetime and wave-guiding characteristics. Typically, those NWs are grown epitaxially on crystalline substrates which could limit their potential applications requiring high growth yield to be printable or transferable on amorphous and flexible substrates. Here, utilizing Au as catalytic seeds, we successfully demonstrate the synthesis of crystalline, stoichiometric and dense InP NWs on amorphous substrates. Notably, the NWs are found to grow via the vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) mechanism with a narrow distribution of diameter (34.6 ± 7.7 nm) uniformly along the entire NW length (>10 μm). Although the grown NWs possess a substantial amount of twin defects, the fabricated NW FETs still exhibit impressive electrical performance with high carrier mobility (∼350 cm 2 V -1 s -1) and I ON/I OFF ratio (∼10 6). All these have demonstrated the promising potency of such NWs grown on amorphous substrates for technological applications, as compared to the conventional MBE or MOCVD grown InP NWs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10704-10708
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Volume22
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 7 2012
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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