Because of the distinct electronic properties and strong interaction with light, quasi-one-dimensional nanowires (NWs) with semiconducting property have been demonstrated with tremendous potential for various technological applications, especially electronics and optoelectronics. However, until now, most of the state-of-the-art NW photodetectors are predominantly based on the n-type NW channel. Here, we successfully synthesized p-type SnSe and SnS NWs via the chemical vapor deposition method and fabricated high-performance single SnSe and SnS NW photodetectors. Importantly, these two NW devices exhibit an impressive photodetection performance with a high photoconductive gain of 1.5 × 104 (2.8 × 104), good responsivity of 1.0 × 104 A W-1 (1.6 × 104 A W-1), and excellent detectivity of 3.3 × 1012 Jones (2.4 × 1012 Jones) under near-infrared illumination at a bias of 3 V for the SnSe NW (SnS NW) channel. The rise and fall times can be as efficient as 460 and 520 μs (1.2 and 15.1 ms), respectively, for the SnSe NW (SnS NW) device. Moreover, the spatially resolved photocurrent mapping of the devices further reveals the bias-dependent photocurrent generation. All these results evidently demonstrate that the p-type SnSe and SnS NWs have great potential to be applied in next-generation high-performance optoelectronic devices.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)