High performance polyurethane elastomers using new cyclaliphatic diisocyanate

Satoshi Yamasaki, Goro Kuwamura, Hirokazu Morita, Daisuke Hasegawa, Ken Kojio, Atsushi Takahara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Trans-1,4-bis (isocyanatomethyl) cyclohexane (1,4-H6XDI) has been newly developed as a novel cycloaliphatic diisocyanate with a high symmetric chemical structure. The PUEs were prepared with 1,4-H6XDI, polyesterpolyol as a long chain polyol and 1,4-butanediol (BD) as a chain extender. As the representative aromatic and aliphatic diisocyanates, 4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate (MDI) and dicyclohexyl methane-4,4'-diisocyanate (H12MDI) were also used as the control. As a result, it was revealed that 1,4-H6XDI-based PUEs achieved high elasticity such as higher impact resilience, lower compression set, improved heat resistant, and good light stability which was not able to be realized with the existing diisocyanates. The reason is explained that the hard segment chains of the 1,4-H6XDI-based PUEs crystallized well with formation of hydrogen bonds in the PUEs due to the symmetric structure of 1,4-H6XDI. Thus, the 1,4-H6XDI-based PUEs can provide superior properties such as mechanical and thermal properties and excellent light stability compared to existing diisocyanate-based PUEs by rheological evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-268
Number of pages8
JournalNihon Reoroji Gakkaishi
Volume45
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

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Elastomers
diisocyanates
Polyurethanes
elastomers
Polyols
Methane
Cyclohexane
Elasticity
Hydrogen bonds
Thermodynamic properties
Mechanical properties
resilience
cyclohexane
methane
elastic properties
thermodynamic properties
mechanical properties
hydrogen bonds
heat
evaluation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

High performance polyurethane elastomers using new cyclaliphatic diisocyanate. / Yamasaki, Satoshi; Kuwamura, Goro; Morita, Hirokazu; Hasegawa, Daisuke; Kojio, Ken; Takahara, Atsushi.

In: Nihon Reoroji Gakkaishi, Vol. 45, No. 5, 01.01.2017, p. 261-268.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yamasaki, Satoshi ; Kuwamura, Goro ; Morita, Hirokazu ; Hasegawa, Daisuke ; Kojio, Ken ; Takahara, Atsushi. / High performance polyurethane elastomers using new cyclaliphatic diisocyanate. In: Nihon Reoroji Gakkaishi. 2017 ; Vol. 45, No. 5. pp. 261-268.
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