High-power laser experiment forming a supercritical collisionless shock in a magnetized uniform plasma at rest

R. Yamazaki, S. Matsukiyo, T. Morita, S. J. Tanaka, T. Umeda, K. Aihara, M. Edamoto, S. Egashira, R. Hatsuyama, T. Higuchi, T. Hihara, Y. Horie, M. Hoshino, A. Ishii, N. Ishizaka, Y. Itadani, T. Izumi, S. Kambayashi, S. Kakuchi, N. KatsukiR. Kawamura, Y. Kawamura, S. Kisaka, T. Kojima, A. Konuma, R. Kumar, T. Minami, I. Miyata, T. Moritaka, Y. Murakami, K. Nagashima, Y. Nakagawa, T. Nishimoto, Y. Nishioka, Y. Ohira, N. Ohnishi, M. Ota, N. Ozaki, T. Sano, K. Sakai, S. Sei, J. Shiota, Y. Shoji, K. Sugiyama, D. Suzuki, M. Takagi, H. Toda, S. Tomita, S. Tomiya, H. Yoneda, T. Takezaki, K. Tomita, Y. Kuramitsu, Y. Sakawa

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present an experimental method to generate quasiperpendicular supercritical magnetized collisionless shocks. In our experiment, ambient nitrogen (N) plasma is at rest and well magnetized, and it has uniform mass density. The plasma is pushed by laser-driven ablation aluminum (Al) plasma. Streaked optical pyrometry and spatially resolved laser collective Thomson scattering clarify structures of plasma density and temperatures, which are compared with one-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations. It is indicated that just after the laser irradiation, the Al plasma is magnetized by a self-generated Biermann battery field, and the plasma slaps the incident N plasma. The compressed external field in the N plasma reflects N ions, leading to counterstreaming magnetized N flows. Namely, we identify the edge of the reflected N ions. Such interacting plasmas form a magnetized collisionless shock.

Original languageEnglish
Article number025203
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume105
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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