High pressure densification of lithium silicate glasses

N. Kitamura, K. Fukumi, H. Mizoguchi, M. Makihara, A. Higuchi, N. Ohno, T. Fukunaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have carried out neutron diffraction and Raman scattering measurements on the lithium disilicate glass densified by the application of high pressure. The density of the glass increased monotonically with applied pressures up to 6 GPa. A shift of the first sharp diffraction peak (FSDP) toward larger Q vectors was found in the total structure factor S(Q) of the neutron diffraction spectra. The Si-O bond length in an SiO4 tetrahedron elongated by about 0.001 nm after densification under 6 GPa, while the nearest O-O distance did not change. However, an increase in distribution of the O-O distance was found after the densification. A low energy shift of 1080 cm-1 band, which is assigned to Si-O stretching mode, was observed in Raman scattering spectra of the densified glasses. It is consistent with the increase of Si-O bond length. We deduced from these results that the densification is caused by an increase of packing density of SiO4 tetrahedron, which is accompanied by a distortion of the tetrahedron.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-248
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids
Volume274
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2000

Fingerprint

Silicates
densification
Densification
Lithium
tetrahedrons
silicates
lithium
Bond length
Neutron diffraction
Glass
neutron diffraction
Raman scattering
glass
Raman spectra
shift
packing density
Stretching
Diffraction
scattering
diffraction

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Kitamura, N., Fukumi, K., Mizoguchi, H., Makihara, M., Higuchi, A., Ohno, N., & Fukunaga, T. (2000). High pressure densification of lithium silicate glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 274(1), 244-248. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3093(00)00190-3

High pressure densification of lithium silicate glasses. / Kitamura, N.; Fukumi, K.; Mizoguchi, H.; Makihara, M.; Higuchi, A.; Ohno, N.; Fukunaga, T.

In: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Vol. 274, No. 1, 01.01.2000, p. 244-248.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kitamura, N, Fukumi, K, Mizoguchi, H, Makihara, M, Higuchi, A, Ohno, N & Fukunaga, T 2000, 'High pressure densification of lithium silicate glasses', Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol. 274, no. 1, pp. 244-248. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3093(00)00190-3
Kitamura N, Fukumi K, Mizoguchi H, Makihara M, Higuchi A, Ohno N et al. High pressure densification of lithium silicate glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. 2000 Jan 1;274(1):244-248. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3093(00)00190-3
Kitamura, N. ; Fukumi, K. ; Mizoguchi, H. ; Makihara, M. ; Higuchi, A. ; Ohno, N. ; Fukunaga, T. / High pressure densification of lithium silicate glasses. In: Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. 2000 ; Vol. 274, No. 1. pp. 244-248.
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AB - We have carried out neutron diffraction and Raman scattering measurements on the lithium disilicate glass densified by the application of high pressure. The density of the glass increased monotonically with applied pressures up to 6 GPa. A shift of the first sharp diffraction peak (FSDP) toward larger Q vectors was found in the total structure factor S(Q) of the neutron diffraction spectra. The Si-O bond length in an SiO4 tetrahedron elongated by about 0.001 nm after densification under 6 GPa, while the nearest O-O distance did not change. However, an increase in distribution of the O-O distance was found after the densification. A low energy shift of 1080 cm-1 band, which is assigned to Si-O stretching mode, was observed in Raman scattering spectra of the densified glasses. It is consistent with the increase of Si-O bond length. We deduced from these results that the densification is caused by an increase of packing density of SiO4 tetrahedron, which is accompanied by a distortion of the tetrahedron.

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