High-pressure geochemistry of Cr, V and Mn and implications for the origin of the Moon

A. E. Ringwood, Takumi Kato, W. Hibberson, N. Ware

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CHROMIUM, vanadium and manganese are present in similar abundances in the Earth's mantle and the Moon, and are substantially depleted relative to their Mg-normalized primordial abundances1-6. Experimental studies7,8 of the partitioning of chromium, vanadium and manganese between molten iron and silicates show that these elements are lithophile at the pressures, temperatures and oxygen fugacities prevailing in the Earth's upper mantle and in the Moon. Here, we show that at much higher pressures, corresponding to those in the Earth's lower mantle, the partitioning behaviour of Cr, V and Mn changes owing to increasing solubility of oxygen in molten iron. Cr and V (and perhaps Mn) are preferentially partitioned into molten iron under these conditions. We therefore attribute the depletions of these elements in the Earth's mantle to their siderophile behaviour during formation of the Earth's core, at pressures that were sufficiently high to cause substantial amounts of oxygen to dissolve in molten metallic iron. Similar depletion patterns of Cr, V and Mn in the Earth's mantle and the Moon strongly suggest that a large proportion of the Moon was derived from the Earth's mantle after the Earth's core had segregated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-176
Number of pages3
JournalNature
Volume347
Issue number6289
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1990

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Moon
geochemistry
mantle
iron
vanadium
oxygen
manganese
partitioning
lower mantle
fugacity
chromium
upper mantle
solubility
silicate
temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

Ringwood, A. E., Kato, T., Hibberson, W., & Ware, N. (1990). High-pressure geochemistry of Cr, V and Mn and implications for the origin of the Moon. Nature, 347(6289), 174-176. https://doi.org/10.1038/347174a0

High-pressure geochemistry of Cr, V and Mn and implications for the origin of the Moon. / Ringwood, A. E.; Kato, Takumi; Hibberson, W.; Ware, N.

In: Nature, Vol. 347, No. 6289, 01.01.1990, p. 174-176.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ringwood, AE, Kato, T, Hibberson, W & Ware, N 1990, 'High-pressure geochemistry of Cr, V and Mn and implications for the origin of the Moon', Nature, vol. 347, no. 6289, pp. 174-176. https://doi.org/10.1038/347174a0
Ringwood, A. E. ; Kato, Takumi ; Hibberson, W. ; Ware, N. / High-pressure geochemistry of Cr, V and Mn and implications for the origin of the Moon. In: Nature. 1990 ; Vol. 347, No. 6289. pp. 174-176.
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