High-pressure synthesis and superconductivity of a new binary lanthanum germanide LaGe3 with triangular Ge3 cluster units

Hiroshi Fukuoka, Koichiro Suekuni, Takahiro Onimaru, Kei Inumaru

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We prepared a new binary lanthanum germanide, LaGe3, under high-pressure and high-temperature conditions (3-12 GPa, 500-1200 °C). It crystallizes in the BaPb3 structure (the space group R3̄m) with lattice constants of a = 6.376(1) Å, c = 22.272(3) Å, and V = 784.1(2) Å3. We refined the structure using Rietveld analysis from X-ray powder data. The structure is composed of two types of close-packed atom layers. In one layer, every La atom is surrounded solely by Ge atoms with the same distance of 3.188 Å. The other layer contains Ge3 regular, triangular cluster units with a Ge-Ge distance of 2.634 Å. The electron localization function and crystal orbital Hamilton population calculations suggest that the triangular cluster is composed of three Ge-Ge covalent bonds and that each Ge atom has a lone pair. The temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility and electrical conductivity measurements revealed that LaGe3 is metallic and shows superconductivity at 7.4 K. This critical temperature is highest for the La-Ge system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3901-3906
Number of pages6
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume50
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Lanthanum
Superconductivity
lanthanum
superconductivity
Atoms
synthesis
atoms
Rietveld analysis
Covalent bonds
covalent bonds
Magnetic susceptibility
Powders
Temperature
Lattice constants
critical temperature
magnetic permeability
X rays
orbitals
conductivity
temperature dependence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

High-pressure synthesis and superconductivity of a new binary lanthanum germanide LaGe3 with triangular Ge3 cluster units. / Fukuoka, Hiroshi; Suekuni, Koichiro; Onimaru, Takahiro; Inumaru, Kei.

In: Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 50, No. 9, 02.05.2011, p. 3901-3906.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "We prepared a new binary lanthanum germanide, LaGe3, under high-pressure and high-temperature conditions (3-12 GPa, 500-1200 °C). It crystallizes in the BaPb3 structure (the space group R3̄m) with lattice constants of a = 6.376(1) {\AA}, c = 22.272(3) {\AA}, and V = 784.1(2) {\AA}3. We refined the structure using Rietveld analysis from X-ray powder data. The structure is composed of two types of close-packed atom layers. In one layer, every La atom is surrounded solely by Ge atoms with the same distance of 3.188 {\AA}. The other layer contains Ge3 regular, triangular cluster units with a Ge-Ge distance of 2.634 {\AA}. The electron localization function and crystal orbital Hamilton population calculations suggest that the triangular cluster is composed of three Ge-Ge covalent bonds and that each Ge atom has a lone pair. The temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility and electrical conductivity measurements revealed that LaGe3 is metallic and shows superconductivity at 7.4 K. This critical temperature is highest for the La-Ge system.",
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AU - Inumaru, Kei

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N2 - We prepared a new binary lanthanum germanide, LaGe3, under high-pressure and high-temperature conditions (3-12 GPa, 500-1200 °C). It crystallizes in the BaPb3 structure (the space group R3̄m) with lattice constants of a = 6.376(1) Å, c = 22.272(3) Å, and V = 784.1(2) Å3. We refined the structure using Rietveld analysis from X-ray powder data. The structure is composed of two types of close-packed atom layers. In one layer, every La atom is surrounded solely by Ge atoms with the same distance of 3.188 Å. The other layer contains Ge3 regular, triangular cluster units with a Ge-Ge distance of 2.634 Å. The electron localization function and crystal orbital Hamilton population calculations suggest that the triangular cluster is composed of three Ge-Ge covalent bonds and that each Ge atom has a lone pair. The temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility and electrical conductivity measurements revealed that LaGe3 is metallic and shows superconductivity at 7.4 K. This critical temperature is highest for the La-Ge system.

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