High-pressure torsion of palladium: Hydrogen-induced softening and plasticity in ultrafine grains and hydrogen-induced hardening and embrittlement in coarse grains

Toshifumi Hongo, Kaveh Edalati, Hideaki Iwaoka, Makoto Arita, Junko Matsuda, Etsuo Akiba, Zenji Horita

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pure Pd (99.9%) was processed by high-pressure torsion (HPT) to form an ultrafine-grained (UFG) structure with an average grain size of ~220. nm, high hardness of 175. Hv, high tensile strength of 650. MPa and appreciable plasticity of 20%. Tensile tests showed that, unlike coarse-grained sample in which a hydrogen-induced embrittlement and hardening occurred, a hydrogen-induced softening and plasticity occurred in the HPT-processed UFG sample. A hydride phase formed after exposing the samples to hydrogen, while the formation of hydride was facilitated by the HPT processing. The hydride phase was decomposed by holding the samples in the air for prolonged time, but the hydride phase was more stable after HPT processing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Volume618
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2014

Fingerprint

embrittlement
Palladium
Embrittlement
plastic properties
Hydrides
hardening
softening
Torsional stress
hydrides
torsion
Plasticity
Hardening
palladium
Hydrogen
hydrogen
tensile tests
Processing
tensile strength
Tensile strength
hardness

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "High-pressure torsion of palladium: Hydrogen-induced softening and plasticity in ultrafine grains and hydrogen-induced hardening and embrittlement in coarse grains",
abstract = "Pure Pd (99.9{\%}) was processed by high-pressure torsion (HPT) to form an ultrafine-grained (UFG) structure with an average grain size of ~220. nm, high hardness of 175. Hv, high tensile strength of 650. MPa and appreciable plasticity of 20{\%}. Tensile tests showed that, unlike coarse-grained sample in which a hydrogen-induced embrittlement and hardening occurred, a hydrogen-induced softening and plasticity occurred in the HPT-processed UFG sample. A hydride phase formed after exposing the samples to hydrogen, while the formation of hydride was facilitated by the HPT processing. The hydride phase was decomposed by holding the samples in the air for prolonged time, but the hydride phase was more stable after HPT processing.",
author = "Toshifumi Hongo and Kaveh Edalati and Hideaki Iwaoka and Makoto Arita and Junko Matsuda and Etsuo Akiba and Zenji Horita",
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T2 - Hydrogen-induced softening and plasticity in ultrafine grains and hydrogen-induced hardening and embrittlement in coarse grains

AU - Hongo, Toshifumi

AU - Edalati, Kaveh

AU - Iwaoka, Hideaki

AU - Arita, Makoto

AU - Matsuda, Junko

AU - Akiba, Etsuo

AU - Horita, Zenji

PY - 2014/12/1

Y1 - 2014/12/1

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AB - Pure Pd (99.9%) was processed by high-pressure torsion (HPT) to form an ultrafine-grained (UFG) structure with an average grain size of ~220. nm, high hardness of 175. Hv, high tensile strength of 650. MPa and appreciable plasticity of 20%. Tensile tests showed that, unlike coarse-grained sample in which a hydrogen-induced embrittlement and hardening occurred, a hydrogen-induced softening and plasticity occurred in the HPT-processed UFG sample. A hydride phase formed after exposing the samples to hydrogen, while the formation of hydride was facilitated by the HPT processing. The hydride phase was decomposed by holding the samples in the air for prolonged time, but the hydride phase was more stable after HPT processing.

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