We performed a 37Cl(3He,t)37Ar experiment at E = 140 MeV/nucleon and 0° with a resolution of 30 keV. The Gamow-Teller (GT) strength distribution was obtained up to the excitation energy (E x) of 14.2 MeV in 37Ar. Under the assumption of isospin symmetry, the GT strengths in the 37Cl →37Ar and 37Ca →37K transitions are analogous. The obtained strength distribution was compared with the mirror 37Ca β decay up to Ex = 8.6 MeV. The overall shapes of the distributions were similar, but the details were not necessary the same. In order to understand those differences, the experimental distribution was compared with the shell model (SM) calculation using the USD interaction. The SM calculation suggests that differences at lower energies can be caused by a large tensor contribution in the charge-exchange reaction. On the other hand, the differences seen at higher energies are due to the breaking of the mirror symmetry. The neutrino cross section for the 8B solar neutrino source was calculated using the obtained data.