High-resolution TEM (HRTEM) observations and nano-area EDX analyses were carried out on small intragranular bubbles in the outer region of high burnup UO2 pellets. Sample was prepered from the outer region of UO2 pellet, which had been irradiated to the pellet average burnups of 49 GWd/t in a BWR. HRTEM observations and element analyses were made with a 200 KV cold-type field emission TEM (Hitachi FE-2000) having an ultra-thin window EDX (Noran Voyager). Lattice image and nano-area EDX results indicate the presence of 4-8 nm size Xe-Kr bubbles along with fission products of five metal particles, Mo-Tc-Ru-Rh-Pd. Nano-diffraction patterns from bubbles show two different new patterns besides matrix UO2. From the Xe/U proportion obtained by nano-area EDX peak and nano-diffraction patterns from bubbles, it was concluded that Xe in the small bubbles was present in a solid or near solid state at very high pressure. Furthermore, from the results of high resolution images and diffractions obtained from recrystallized grains in rim structure region, neighboring recrystallized grains were clarified to be present with high angle grain boundaries.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Materials Science(all)
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering