High strength and superconductivity in nanostructured niobium-titanium alloy by high-pressure torsion and annealing: Significance of elemental decomposition and supersaturation

Kaveh Edalati, Takeshi Daio, Seungwon Lee, Zenji Horita, Terukazu Nishizaki, Tadahiro Akune, Tsutomu Nojima, Takahiko Sasaki

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Abstract

A powder mixture of Nb-47 wt.% Ti (a well-known composition for superconducting magnets) was subjected to severe plastic deformation using high-pressure torsion (HPT) and subsequently annealed at 573 K. Ti gradually dissolved in Nb with increasing shear strain, with a fast kinetics comparable to lattice diffusion at 700-1200 K. At large strains, a complete transition to a nanostructured β phase occurred at room temperature, which is far below the equilibrium temperature of 690 K. Nanoclusters of Ti with a body-centered cubic structure were also detected at large strains. Subsequent annealing led to elemental decomposition, formation of a nanoscale lamellar structure and segregation of Nb at grain boundaries. Superconductivity occurred at temperatures below 9 K, while the transition temperature decreased with increasing shear strain because of supersaturation of Ti in Nb and increased with annealing because of elemental decomposition. The Nb-Ti alloy after HPT exhibited hardness/strength peaks followed by softening at large strains, while hardening occurred after annealing. The maximum hardness, tensile and bending strengths were 4, 1.7 and 2.7 GPa, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-158
Number of pages10
JournalActa Materialia
Volume80
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014

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Niobium alloys
Supersaturation
Superconductivity
Titanium alloys
Torsional stress
Shear strain
Annealing
Decomposition
Hardness
Lamellar structures
Superconducting magnets
Nanoclusters
Strain hardening
Bending strength
Powders
Temperature
Superconducting transition temperature
Plastic deformation
Grain boundaries
Tensile strength

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

High strength and superconductivity in nanostructured niobium-titanium alloy by high-pressure torsion and annealing : Significance of elemental decomposition and supersaturation. / Edalati, Kaveh; Daio, Takeshi; Lee, Seungwon; Horita, Zenji; Nishizaki, Terukazu; Akune, Tadahiro; Nojima, Tsutomu; Sasaki, Takahiko.

In: Acta Materialia, Vol. 80, 01.01.2014, p. 149-158.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Edalati, Kaveh ; Daio, Takeshi ; Lee, Seungwon ; Horita, Zenji ; Nishizaki, Terukazu ; Akune, Tadahiro ; Nojima, Tsutomu ; Sasaki, Takahiko. / High strength and superconductivity in nanostructured niobium-titanium alloy by high-pressure torsion and annealing : Significance of elemental decomposition and supersaturation. In: Acta Materialia. 2014 ; Vol. 80. pp. 149-158.
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