High-temperature thermoelectric properties of ln2O3-based mixed oxides and their applicability to thermoelectric power generation

Michitaka Ohtaki, Daisuke Ogura, Koichi Eguchi, Hiromichi Arai

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    74 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The thermoelectric properties of mixed oxides ln2O3-MOx(MOx=Cr2O3, Mn2O3, NiO, ZnO, Y2O3, Nb2O5, SnO2) are investigated in terms of the thermoelectric materials at high temperature. The Seebeck coefficients, S, of all the samples have negative values, and those of ln2O3•SnO2 and ln2O3•ZnO increase linearly with temperature, attaining values of -90 and -210 μV K-1 at 1000 °C, respectively. The electrical conductivities, σ, of these oxides are significantly high. The power factor S2σ of the oxides has constantly positive temperature coefficients up to over 1000 °C. Rather low thermal conductivities, k, of the sintered bodies of the oxides, ca. 1.7 W m-1 K-1 at room temperature, lead to the largest value of the thermoelectric figure of merit Z=0.4 × 10-4 K-1 for M = Sn at 1000 °C, and the Z value increases toward higher temperatures.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)653-656
    Number of pages4
    JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
    Volume4
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1994

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    Thermoelectric power
    Oxides
    Power generation
    Positive temperature coefficient
    Temperature
    Seebeck coefficient
    Thermal conductivity

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Chemistry(all)
    • Materials Chemistry

    Cite this

    High-temperature thermoelectric properties of ln2O3-based mixed oxides and their applicability to thermoelectric power generation. / Ohtaki, Michitaka; Ogura, Daisuke; Eguchi, Koichi; Arai, Hiromichi.

    In: Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 4, No. 5, 01.01.1994, p. 653-656.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    abstract = "The thermoelectric properties of mixed oxides ln2O3-MOx(MOx=Cr2O3, Mn2O3, NiO, ZnO, Y2O3, Nb2O5, SnO2) are investigated in terms of the thermoelectric materials at high temperature. The Seebeck coefficients, S, of all the samples have negative values, and those of ln2O3•SnO2 and ln2O3•ZnO increase linearly with temperature, attaining values of -90 and -210 μV K-1 at 1000 °C, respectively. The electrical conductivities, σ, of these oxides are significantly high. The power factor S2σ of the oxides has constantly positive temperature coefficients up to over 1000 °C. Rather low thermal conductivities, k, of the sintered bodies of the oxides, ca. 1.7 W m-1 K-1 at room temperature, lead to the largest value of the thermoelectric figure of merit Z=0.4 × 10-4 K-1 for M = Sn at 1000 °C, and the Z value increases toward higher temperatures.",
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    AU - Arai, Hiromichi

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    AB - The thermoelectric properties of mixed oxides ln2O3-MOx(MOx=Cr2O3, Mn2O3, NiO, ZnO, Y2O3, Nb2O5, SnO2) are investigated in terms of the thermoelectric materials at high temperature. The Seebeck coefficients, S, of all the samples have negative values, and those of ln2O3•SnO2 and ln2O3•ZnO increase linearly with temperature, attaining values of -90 and -210 μV K-1 at 1000 °C, respectively. The electrical conductivities, σ, of these oxides are significantly high. The power factor S2σ of the oxides has constantly positive temperature coefficients up to over 1000 °C. Rather low thermal conductivities, k, of the sintered bodies of the oxides, ca. 1.7 W m-1 K-1 at room temperature, lead to the largest value of the thermoelectric figure of merit Z=0.4 × 10-4 K-1 for M = Sn at 1000 °C, and the Z value increases toward higher temperatures.

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