High-throughput screening of inhibitors targeting Agr/Fsr quorum sensing in staphylococcus aureus and enterococcus faecalis

Said E. Desouky, Kenzo Nishiguchi, Takeshi Zendo, Yasuhiro Igarashi, Paul Williams, Kenji Sonomoto, Jiro Nakayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis employ cyclic peptide-mediated quorum sensing (QS) systems, termed agr and fsr respectively, to regulate the expression of a series of virulence genes. To identify quorum sensing inhibitors (QSIs) that target agr/fsr systems, an efficient screening system was established. In addition to the gelatinase-induction assay to examine E. faecalis fsr QS, the use of an S. aureus agr reporter strain that carries luciferase and green fluorescence protein genes under the agr P3 promoter facilitated the development of a high-throughput screen (HTS) for QSIs. As a result of screening of 906 actinomycetes culture extracts, four showed QSI activity against the agr and fsr systems without growth inhibitory activity. The extracts were purified on a small scale, and three HPLC peaks were obtained with obvious QSI activity. In sum, the established HTS system is a promising strategy for the discovery of anti-pathogenic agents targeting cyclic peptide-mediated QS in Gram-positive pathogens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)923-927
Number of pages5
JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Volume77
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 12 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry

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