Highly durable Pt cathode catalysts for polymer electrolyte fuel cells; Coverage of carbon black-supported Pt catalysts with silica layers

Sakae Takenaka, Hiroshi Matsumori, Hideki Matsune, Masahiro Kishida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon black-supported Pt (Pt/CB) catalysts that have been used at the cathode in state of the art polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) were covered with silica layers to improve the durability of the Pt catalysts under PEFC cathode conditions. The durability of silica-coated Pt/CB to potential cycling between 0.6 and 0.9 V (vs. reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE)) was strongly dependent on the thickness of the silica layers, i.e., the durability of Pt/CB improved after coverage with thick silica layers. However, the coverage of the whole surface of the Pt/CB catalysts with silica layers produced electrochemically inactive Pt catalysts. Silica-coated Pt/CB catalysts with an optimal silica layer thickness showed similar activity for the oxygen reduction reaction compared to Pt/CB catalysts without a silica coating, and they had excellent durability at the cathode in a PEFC single cell. Coverage with silica layers improved the durability of the Pt/CB cathode catalysts without a decrease in the catalytic activity for the oxygen reduction reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248-256
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume409-410
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 15 2011

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Soot
Carbon black
Catalyst supports
Silicon Dioxide
Electrolytes
Fuel cells
Polymers
Cathodes
Silica
Catalysts
Durability
Oxygen
Hydrogen
Catalyst activity
Coatings
Electrodes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

Cite this

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abstract = "Carbon black-supported Pt (Pt/CB) catalysts that have been used at the cathode in state of the art polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) were covered with silica layers to improve the durability of the Pt catalysts under PEFC cathode conditions. The durability of silica-coated Pt/CB to potential cycling between 0.6 and 0.9 V (vs. reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE)) was strongly dependent on the thickness of the silica layers, i.e., the durability of Pt/CB improved after coverage with thick silica layers. However, the coverage of the whole surface of the Pt/CB catalysts with silica layers produced electrochemically inactive Pt catalysts. Silica-coated Pt/CB catalysts with an optimal silica layer thickness showed similar activity for the oxygen reduction reaction compared to Pt/CB catalysts without a silica coating, and they had excellent durability at the cathode in a PEFC single cell. Coverage with silica layers improved the durability of the Pt/CB cathode catalysts without a decrease in the catalytic activity for the oxygen reduction reaction.",
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T1 - Highly durable Pt cathode catalysts for polymer electrolyte fuel cells; Coverage of carbon black-supported Pt catalysts with silica layers

AU - Takenaka, Sakae

AU - Matsumori, Hiroshi

AU - Matsune, Hideki

AU - Kishida, Masahiro

PY - 2011/12/15

Y1 - 2011/12/15

N2 - Carbon black-supported Pt (Pt/CB) catalysts that have been used at the cathode in state of the art polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) were covered with silica layers to improve the durability of the Pt catalysts under PEFC cathode conditions. The durability of silica-coated Pt/CB to potential cycling between 0.6 and 0.9 V (vs. reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE)) was strongly dependent on the thickness of the silica layers, i.e., the durability of Pt/CB improved after coverage with thick silica layers. However, the coverage of the whole surface of the Pt/CB catalysts with silica layers produced electrochemically inactive Pt catalysts. Silica-coated Pt/CB catalysts with an optimal silica layer thickness showed similar activity for the oxygen reduction reaction compared to Pt/CB catalysts without a silica coating, and they had excellent durability at the cathode in a PEFC single cell. Coverage with silica layers improved the durability of the Pt/CB cathode catalysts without a decrease in the catalytic activity for the oxygen reduction reaction.

AB - Carbon black-supported Pt (Pt/CB) catalysts that have been used at the cathode in state of the art polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) were covered with silica layers to improve the durability of the Pt catalysts under PEFC cathode conditions. The durability of silica-coated Pt/CB to potential cycling between 0.6 and 0.9 V (vs. reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE)) was strongly dependent on the thickness of the silica layers, i.e., the durability of Pt/CB improved after coverage with thick silica layers. However, the coverage of the whole surface of the Pt/CB catalysts with silica layers produced electrochemically inactive Pt catalysts. Silica-coated Pt/CB catalysts with an optimal silica layer thickness showed similar activity for the oxygen reduction reaction compared to Pt/CB catalysts without a silica coating, and they had excellent durability at the cathode in a PEFC single cell. Coverage with silica layers improved the durability of the Pt/CB cathode catalysts without a decrease in the catalytic activity for the oxygen reduction reaction.

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