Liquid-liquid extraction of lanthanide ions (Ln3+) using N,N-dioctyldiglycolamic acid (DODGAA) was comprehensively investigated, together with fluorescence spectroscopic characterization of the resulting extracted complexes in the organic phase. DODGAA enables the quantitative partitioning of all Ln3+ ions from moderately acidic solutions, while showing selectivity for heavier lanthanides, and provides remarkably high extraction separation performance for Ln3+ compared with typical carboxylic acid extractants. Furthermore, the mutual separation abilities of DODGAA for light lanthanides are higher than those of organophosphorus extractants. Slope analysis, loading tests, and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry measurements demonstrated that the transfer of Ln3+ with DODGAA proceeded through a proton-exchange reaction, forming a 1:3 complex, Ln(DODGAA)3. The stripping of Ln3+ from the extracting phase was successfully achieved under acidic conditions. Time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy revealed that the extracted Eu3+ ions were completely dehydrated by complexation with DODGAA.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry