To obtain high sensitivity in capillary electrophoresis of oligosaccharide without reducing the high resolution with an easy experimental procedure, large-volume sample stacking with an electroosmotic flow pump (LVSEP) was investigated. As a fundamental study, effect of the conductivity of a sample solution in LVSEP was examined. It was revealed that LVSEP was successfully carried out even in using a sample solution with the ionic strength of 150μM and the conductivity ratio of 20, indicating a good applicability of LVSEP to the analysis of real samples containing salts. When glucose oligomer was analyzed as a model sample in LVSEP-capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE), all peaks were well resolved with decreasing only 5% of the peak-to-peak distance, which suggested 95% of the whole capillary could be used for the effective separation. In the analysis of maltoheptaose, a good calibration line with correlation coefficient of 0.9995 was obtained. The limit of detection was estimated as 2pM, which was 500-fold lower than that in the conventional CZE. N-linked glycans released from three glycoproteins, bovine ribonuclease B, bovine fetuin, and human α 1-acid glycoprotein were also analyzed by LVSEP-CZE. By the sample purification with a gel filtration column, further sample dilution to reduce the sample conductivity for LVSEP was not needed. All glycan samples were well concentrated and separated with up to a 770-fold sensitivity increase. The run-to-run repeatabilities of the migration time, peak height, and peak area were good with relative standard deviations of 0.1-1.3%, 1.2-1.7%, and 2.8-4.9%, respectively.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry