Highly Stable and Active Solid-Solution-Alloy Three-Way Catalyst by Utilizing Configurational-Entropy Effect

Kohei Kusada, Dongshuang Wu, Yusuke Nanba, Michihisa Koyama, Tomokazu Yamamoto, Xuan Quy Tran, Takaaki Toriyama, Syo Matsumura, Ayano Ito, Katsutoshi Sato, Katsutoshi Nagaoka, Okkyun Seo, Chulho Song, Yanna Chen, Natalia Palina, Loku Singgappulige Rosantha Kumara, Satoshi Hiroi, Osami Sakata, Shogo Kawaguchi, Yoshiki KubotaHiroshi Kitagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Since 1970, people have been making every endeavor to reduce toxic emissions from automobiles. After the development of a three-way catalyst (TWC) that concurrently converts three harmful gases, carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HCs), and nitrogen oxides (NOx), Rh became an essential element in automobile technology because only Rh works efficiently for catalytic NOx reduction. However, due to the sharp price spike in 2007, numerous efforts have been made to replace Rh in TWCs. Nevertheless, Rh remains irreplaceable, and now, the price of Rh is increasing significantly again. Here, it is demonstrated that PdRuM ternary solid-solution alloy nanoparticles (NPs) exhibit highly durable and active TWC performance, which will result in a significant reduction in catalyst cost compared to Rh. This work provides insights into the design of highly durable and efficient functional alloy NPs, guiding how to best take advantage of the configurational entropy in addition to the mixing enthalpy.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Materials
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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