Highly stable meso-diaminopimelate dehydrogenase from an Ureibacillus thermosphaericus strain a1 isolated from a Japanese compost: Purification, characterization and sequencing

Hironaga Akita, Yasuhiro Fujino, Katsumi Doi, Toshihisa Ohshima

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Abstract

We screened various thermophiles for meso-diaminopimelate dehydrogenase (meso-DAPDH, EC 1.4.1.16), which catalyzes the NAD(P)-dependent oxidative deamination of meso-diaminopimelate, and found the enzyme in a thermophilic bacterium isolated from compost in Japan. The bacterium grew well aerobically at around 55°C and was identified as Ureibacillus thermosphaericus strain A1. We purified the enzyme about 47-fold to homogeneity from crude cell extract using five successive purification steps. The molecular mass of the purified protein was about 80 kDa, and the molecule consists of a homodimer with the subunit molecular mass of about 40 kDa. The optimum pH and temperature for the catalytic activity of the enzyme are about 10.5 and 65°C, respectively. The enzyme is highly selective for meso-diaminopimelate as the electron donor, and NADP but not NAD can serve as the electron acceptor. The Km values for meso-diaminopimelate and NADP at 50°C and pH 10.5 are 1.6 mM and 0.13 mM, respectively. The nucleotide sequence of this meso-DAPDH gene encodes a 326-amino acid peptide. When the gene was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli Rosetta (DE3), the specific activity in the crude extract of the recombinant cells was about 18.0-fold higher than in the extract from U. thermosphaericus strain A1. This made more rapid and simpler purification of the enzyme possible.

Original languageEnglish
Article number43
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalAMB Express
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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