Takayasu disease is characterized by a pulseless condition which most often occurs in young females from Asian or South American areas. The cause of this disease remains obscure. Recently we encountered monozygotic, Japanese identical twin sisters, both of whom were diagnosed as having Takayasu disease. A genetically related factor was considered and HLA analysis was carried out. A population study on HLA typing analyses of 65 patients with Takayasu disease revealed a high frequency of HLA—B5 as compared with 128 healthy Japanese (x2: 17.0, P < 10–4). Subgroups of B5, Bw51 and Bw52 were successively studied in 82 patients with this disease. Bw51 antigen was found in 12.2% of patients with Takayasu disease and in 19.5% of 128 healthy Japanese. Contrarily, Bw52 antigen was confirmed in 43.9% of patients, a statistically significant frequency with the level of 26.5 in the x2 test (cP < 3 < 10–4) when compared with 12.5% in normal Japanese. Thus a genetically related factor in the pathogenesis of Takayasu disease has to be considered.
|Number of pages||3|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1978|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy