Hollow cylinder ZnO/SnO2 nanostructures synthesized by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis and their gas-sensing performance

Yaxin Cai, Xiaowei Li, Yang Liu, Sisi Du, Pengfei Cheng, Fengmin Liu, Kengo Shimanoe, Noboru Yamazoe, Geyu Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Hierarchical and hollow cylinder comb-like nanostructures with ZnO backbones and SnO2 branches were successfully prepared by an ultrasonic spray pyrolysis process. The observation of field scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy showed that a high density of SnO2 nanowires grew epitaxially on as-synthesized ZnO nanorod arrays. The diameter and length of the SnO2 nanowires were about 50 nm and 300 nm. The morphologies of ZnO/SnO2 hierarchical nanostructures could be tailored by changing the growth time of SnO2 nanowires. A possible formation process and growth mechanism are proposed from the viewpoint of inside-out Ostwald ripening. In addition, gas sensors based on the hierarchical ZnO/SnO2 nanostructures were fabricated and exhibited good response to ethanol. At an ethanol concentration of 100 ppm, the response was about 11 and the response time was about 1 s at the operating temperature of 275 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6135-6140
Number of pages6
Issue number27
Publication statusPublished - Jul 21 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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